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What is a Thyroid Gland and what are the types of Thyroid Disorders?

Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland that is located in the front of the neck. It produces hormones that regulate the metabolism.

There are two types of Thyroid disorders based on the Thyroid hormone production - Underactive Thyroid and Overactive Thyroid.

What is Underactive Thyroid and Overactive Thyroid?

    Underactive Thyroid

    A disorder where the Thyroid doesn’t produce thyroxine hormones in sufficient quantity. This leads to the fluctuation in heart rate, body temperature and all aspects of metabolism.

    Overactive Thyroid

    A disorder where the Thyroid glands release thyroxine hormones in excess, further increasing the rate of metabolism.

What causes Underactive Thyroid and Overactive Thyroid?

    Causes of Underactive Thyroid:
  • Low iodine diet
  • Radiation therapy to neck
  • Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis - where the body’s immune system attacks and damages the Thyroid Gland
    Causes of Overactive Thyroid:
  • Viral infection
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Grave’s disease - an autoimmune disorder

What are the signs of Underactive and Overactive Thyroid?

Common signs of Underactive Thyroid
  • Changes in menstrual cycle
  • Slow heart rates
  • Depression
  • Hair loss
  • Constipation
  • Swelling of Thyroid gland (goitre)
  • Weight gain
Common signs of Overactive Thyroid
  • Tumorous changes in menstrual cycle
  • Pounding of the heart
  • Fatigue
  • Increased appetite
  • Muscle weakness
  • Puffy eyes
  • Weight loss
If you experience any of these signs then it is advisable to consult your doctor or an endocrinologist at the earliest. It is recommended to go for regular health check-ups at least twice in a year for timely detection of thyroid disorders.

Thyroid Panels & Profiles

Thyroid Panel 1

₹ 500

T3, T4, TSH



Thyroid Panel 2

₹ 725

FT3, FT4, TSH



Thyroid Comprehensive Profile-1

₹ 2,600

T3,T4,TSH,FT3,FT4, TPO(Thyroperoxidase) & ATA (Anti-thyroid antibodies)

Thyroid Comprehensive Profile-2

₹ 1,350

TSH,FT3,FT4 And TPO (Thyroperoxidase)




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