Chloride accounts for about 75% of negatively charged ion in the body and hence serves as one of the main electrolytes of the body. Chloride, in addition to potassium and sodium, assist in the conduction of electrical impulses when dissolved in bodily water.
In addition to its functions as an electrolyte, chloride combines with hydrogen in the stomach to make hydrochloric acid, a powerful digestive enzyme that is responsible for the breakdown of proteins, absorption of other metallic minerals, and activation of intrinsic factor, which in turn absorbs vitamin B12.
Chlorides along with other electrolytes are usually ordered as part of routine health checkup. Chloride test like other electrolytes are ordered when prolonged symptoms of diarrhoea, dehydration, weakness and respiratory problems are observed. If the doctor suspects a fluid or an acid-base imbalance, he may order a Chloride test along with other electrolytes to further understand the condition.
|Related Tests||Sodium, Potassium, Bicarbonate, Electrolytes, Blood Gases|