The What, Why and How of Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects the pancreas and its ability to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates glucose levels in the blood. There are two types of diabetes- Type 1 and Type 2. Both types of diabetes increase the risk of developing serious complications.
The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Insulin is a hormone that the body requires to transport glucose from blood to the cells. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that affects the pancreas resulting in little or no insulin. Without this hormone, the blood glucose levels rise dangerously high.
Type 1 Diabetes is not caused by lifestyle factors and cannot be prevented. People who develop this condition need to seek medical advice immediately as it can cause severe complications. Type 1 accounts for 10–15% of all cases of diagnosed diabetes.
How can I spot Diabetes?
Some common signs of diabetes are:
- Increased thirst and urination
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
- Chronic fatigue
- Slow healing sores
- Frequent infections
- Tingling hands and feet
- Red, swollen, & tender gums
If you’ve spotted any of these symptoms, then it is important to get tested as timely detection can help in managing diabetes better.
Why do I need regular health check-ups?
Regular health check-ups help in timely detection of diabetes, as undiagnosed diabetes can lead to serious health problems related to heart, kidneys, nerves, mouth, eyes, and feet. By taking regular health check-ups you can spot Diabetes and other health issues early on.Schedule a visit to your home or office.
Note: Preventive health check-ups of up to Rs.5000/- help you save tax under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act.
Managing Diabetes is as easy as ABCs
A for Active Lifestyle
Being active by playing a sport or even going for a walk can help you keep Diabetes under control. A healthy diet, when complemented with exercises, jogs, etc. can make the difference needed to lead a happy life, even with diabetes.
B for Blood Test
Keeping a regular check on your health can help you take the necessary steps to manage diabetes. And over time, these steps can have an effect on your overall health, and the disease itself. Hence, tracking your health status from time to time is as important.
C for Control Sugar Intake
High levels of sugar in the body is the primary cause of Diabetes. And junk food in any form has sugar in excess. Consumption of these foods can have an impact on your health and can elevate the risks of diabetes.
A healthy diet comprising of fresh vegetables and fruits can help keep diabetes in control.
S for Stop smoking
Cigarette smoking can damage blood vessels too by increasing plaque (a fatty, waxy substance that builds up on your artery walls). Over time, high blood sugar from diabetes can damage blood vessels as well as nerves in and around your heart
If you quit smoking
- You will lower your risk for heart attack, stroke, nerve disease, kidney disease, diabetic eye disease, etc.
- Your cholesterol and blood pressure levels may improve
- It’s easier to stay active
Diabetes Monitoring Profiles
Diabetes Monitoring Profile, Mini
FBS, Cholesterol, HbA1C, Microalbumin/ Creatinine ratio
Diabetes Monitoring Profile, Maxi
CBC, FBS, PPBS, Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Creatinine, Electrolytes, Urine Rt, Insulin Antibody, Microalbumin/creat ratio, Insulin, C-Peptide, HbA1C
Diabetes Risk Assessment
HOMA index (FBS with fasting insulin), Adiponectin, HBA1c