Cancer is a group of diseases which involves abnormal cell growth, limitless cell division and starts destroying body tissues. This disorder encompasses more than 100 diseases affecting nearly every part of the body, and all are potentially life-threatening.
The global cancer burden is estimated to have risen to 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths in 2018. One in 5 men and one in 6 women worldwide develop cancer during their lifetime, and one in 8 men and one in 11 women die from the disease.
What are the Risk Factors of Cancer?
Cancer has many risk factors, some of them are non-modifiable like genetic factors. However, some lifestyle habits also contribute towards increasing the risk, which can be controlled. Some of them are
Smoking and chewing tobacco
Types of Cancer
There are about 200 types of cancer, and all of them could be fatal if the required measures aren’t taken. Some of these are:
A cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
Hard lumps in breasts
Change in size of breasts
A cancer in a man's prostate, a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid.
Increased risk with age
Pain in bones
Difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine
Excessive urination at night
Weak urinary stream
This cancer is the most serious type of skin cancer and occurs when the pigment-producing cells that give colour to the skin become cancerous.
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and from tanning lamps
A change in an existing mole
The development of a new pigmented or unusual-looking growth on your skin
Bigger mole formation
Darkening of the skin
Skin mole with irregular border
A cancer of the colon or rectum located at the digestive tract's lower end.
Inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk
Inflammatory intestinal conditions
Low-fiber, high-fat diet
Pain in the abdomen
Blood in stool
Anaemia or Fatigue
A cancer that begins in the lungs and most often occurs in people who smoke.
Pre-existing persistent COPD
Occupational hazards and Pollutants
Pain in chest or ribs
Chronic coughing with blood or with phlegm
Shortness of breath
Loss of appetite
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow and can happen when there is a problem with the production of blood cells. It usually affects the white blood cells.
Exposure to certain chemicals, such as benzene
Pain in bones or joints
Loss of appetite
A cancer of the lymphatic system that affects the ability to fight diseases. It includes the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland and bone marrow.
Developing certain infections of Epstein-Barr virus and Helicobacter pylori infection.
Having an impaired immune system.
Loss of appetite
Sudden weight loss
This cancer type starts in the cell that make up the skin or tissue lining organs, such as liver or kidney.
Chronic infection with HBV or HCV
Exposure to aflatoxins
Lower back pain
A sarcoma is a rare kind of cancer. Sarcomas grow in connective tissue, cells that connect or support other kinds of tissue in your body. It could affect any part of the body. This leads to formation of lumps or abnormal growth of mass.
Exposure to industrial chemicals and herbicides.)
Exposure to viruses called human herpes virus 8)
Chronic swelling (lymphedema)
A new lump on the body
Blood in your stool or vomit
Oral cancer, also known as mouth cancer, can occur anywhere in the mouth. It could affect the surface of the tongue, the lips, inside the cheek, in the gums, in the roof and floor of the mouth, in the tonsils, and in the salivary glands.
Mouth cancer mostly happens after the age of 40, and the risk is more than twice as high in men as it is in women.
Chewing Tobacco and smoking
Exposure to HPV
Mouth ulcers or sores that do not heal
A lump or thickening of the skin or lining of the mouth
Pain when swallowing
Jaw pain or stiffness
Sensation that something is stuck in the throat
Gastric Adenocarcinoma, also known as Stomach cancer, is a growth of cancerous cells within the lining of the stomach.
While stomach cancer is relatively rare compared to other types of cancer, diagnosing it is a difficult task. Stomach cancer usually doesn’t cause any early symptoms as it often goes undiagnosed until after it spreads to other parts of the body. This makes it more difficult to treat.
Helicobacter Pylori infections
Long standing pernicious anemia
Infection in the gut area or gastritis
Nausea and vomiting
Loss of appetite
Stomach pain after meals
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer.
Multiple sexual contact
Post menopausal bleeding
Unusual vaginal discharge or abnormal bleeding between periods
Irregular menstruation or spotting
How can the risk factors be mitigated?
Although not every form of cancer can be treated, but measures can be taken if detected at an early stage. Some preventive ways include change in lifestyle.
Avoid the use of Tobacco
Follow a healthy diet
Use regular exercise instead of Avoid Obesity
Limit the intake of packed meat
Get vaccinated against Hepatitis B and Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Get regular health check-ups
Given the lifestyle you lead, it is important to get detailed insights of your Inner Health parameters regularly in order to take corrective actions.
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