Breast cancer is a cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. This genetic disease can occur in both men and women, but it's far more common in women. The cancerous cells spread through the breast to lymph nodes or to other parts of the body. These cells start dividing rapidly and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass.
There are several factors that cause breast cancer. Some cannot be avoided, like family history, and some lifestyle related.
There are various type of breast cancer and most of them share common symptoms. A few of them being:
You might be at increased risk of having an inherited gene mutation if you have:
The year 2020 has been a difficult one for all people across the globe. Caught up in the paranoia about COVID we have forgotten that there are other things that we need to watch out for. Breast Cancer for instance. The lack of awareness about self breast examination only compounds the problem in India. As a nation, we need to shake off this inertia and indifference and be a lot more mindful about our body. Let’s use this year where the focus is on personal health, to dial up the cause for breast cancer. To be aware and to protect yourself.
The #2020Test means many things. It includes a self-breast examination and other screenings for breast cancer. A self-breast examination helps you get familiar with your body. Only when you know your body well can you truly notice any changes. And if you spot any of the signs and symptoms of breast cancer or feel something off, you can consult a doctor and proceed to do other screenings. The final part of the #2020Test consists of check-ups and screenings that help in the detection of breast cancer. Remember, early detection can help you fight better. So let’s encourage the women in our lives to take the #2020Test today and keep breast cancer at bay.
Breast cancer can’t be prevented, but you can take three important steps to help detect it earlier. 3 Steps to Early Detection can increase your chance of finding breast cancer before it spreads.
Once A Month
Adult women of all ages are encouraged to perform breast self-exams at least once a month.
How Should A Breast Self-Exam Be Performed?
Using the pads of your fingers and move them around your entire breast in a circular pattern. Move from the outside to the center, checking the entire breast and armpit area. Check both breasts each month for lumps, thickening, or hardened knots. In case of any changes, get the lumps evaluated by your healthcare provider.
Visually inspect your breasts with your arms at your sides. Next, raise your arms high overhead.
Look for any changes in the contour, any swelling, or dimpling of the skin, or changes in the nipples. Next, rest your palms on your hips and press firmly to flex your chest muscles. Left and right breasts will not exactly match, but a few do. So look for any dimpling, puckering, or changes, particularly on one side.
When lying down, the breast tissue spreads out evenly along the chest wall. Place a pillow under your right shoulder and put your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move the pads of your fingers gently around your right breast in a small circular motion, covering the entire breast area and armpit.
Use light, medium, and firm pressure. Squeeze the nipple; check for discharge and lumps. Repeat these steps for your left breast as well.
Metropolis’ Core Facilities are centralized, shared research resources that provide access to instruments, technologies, testing, and services. These facilities expand investigators' capabilities, foster collaboration and help patients. Research core facilities make it possible for investigators to focus on their own areas of expertise, augmented by complementary knowledge where they benefit patients.
BRCA1 & 2 genetic test examines your DNA code for the BRCA 1 and 2 genes to find alterations which are likely to increase the risk of Breast Cancer.
Tru-Cut biopsy (TCB) is used in the diagnosis of breast lesions. The use of TCB also lessens the propensity of complicated surgical procedures and minimizes patient stress.