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From facing everyday challenges to acing multiple roles, the life of a woman comes with barriers, both social and personal. If not in heels, they're always on their toes, catering to the needs of her family and colleagues. Between this busy schedule, they barely find the time to lookout for themselves. And this not only affects their health, but also paves the way for a common, fatal disease.

Breast cancer is on the rise.
A recent study shows that 1 in 4 women suffer from this life-threatening disease. And the primary reason for the explosion in number is due to the lack of awareness and support. While conversations about this disease exists, it is still considered a taboo to talk about topics that involve breasts.

It's time to talk.
We always tend to have conversations that size up the women in our lives. On several occasions and special days, it's only them we talk about. Now, let's do what really matters. As a partner, friend, colleague, sibling, or even a relative, it's up to you to start the discussion and #SizeItUp. Let's start by talking to women in our lives. After all, awareness is the key to fighting breast cancer.


Breast cancer is a cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. This genetic disease can occur in both men and women, but it's far more common in women. The cancerous cells spread through the breast to lymph nodes or to other parts of the body. These cells start dividing rapidly and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass.


    There are several factors that cause breast cancer. Some cannot be avoided, like family history, and some lifestyle related.

  • Age - The risk for developing breast cancer increases with age. Most invasive breast cancers are found in women over age 55.
  • Drinking alcohol - Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol raises the risk.
  • Late Pregnancy - Women who have their first child after 35 years of age have an increased risk of Breast Cancer.
  • Inherited risk - If a close female relative has had breast cancer, there’s an increased risk for developing it. This includes mother, grandmother, sister, or daughter.
  • Late menopause start - Women who do not start menopause until after age 55 are more likely to develop breast cancer.
  • Never being pregnant - Women who never became pregnant or never carried a pregnancy to full-term are more likely to develop breast cancer.
  • Previous breast cancer - If anyone has previously been diagnosed with breast cancer, there’s an increased risk of developing cancer in the other breast.


    There are various type of breast cancer and most of them share common symptoms. A few of them being:

    • A breast lump or tissue thickening that feels different than surrounding tissue and has developed recently
    • Breast pain
    • Red, pitted skin over your entire breast
    • Swelling in all or part of your breast
    • A nipple discharge other than breast milk
    • Bloody discharge from your nipple
    • Peeling, scaling or flaking of skin on your nipple or breast
    • A sudden, unexplained change in the shape or size of your breast
    • Inverted nipple
    • Changes to the appearance of the skin on your breasts
    • A lump or swelling under your arm


  • Self-Examination – It is important to undertake self-inspection of your breasts to ensure well-being of the organs.
  • Regular Exercise - Being active and doing routine exercises reduce the chances of breast cancer.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight - Being obese increases the risk of developing breast cancer. Reducing calorie intake can reduce the chances of getting the same.
  • Choose a Healthy Diet - Diet also influences the risk of developing breast cancer. Following a healthy and a low fat diet helps reduce chances of breast cancer.


Breast cancer can’t be prevented, but you can take three important steps to help detect it earlier. 3 Steps to Early Detection can increase your chance of finding breast cancer before it spreads.

Once A Month
Adult women of all ages are encouraged to perform breast self-exams at least once a month.

How Should A Breast Self-Exam Be Performed?

In the Shower

Using the pads of your fingers and move them around your entire breast in a circular pattern. Move from the outside to the center, checking the entire breast and armpit area. Check both breasts each month for lumps, thickening, or hardened knots. In case of any changes, get the lumps evaluated by your healthcare provider.

In Front of a Mirror

Visually inspect your breasts with your arms at your sides. Next, raise your arms high overhead.

Look for any changes in the contour, any swelling, or dimpling of the skin, or changes in the nipples. Next, rest your palms on your hips and press firmly to flex your chest muscles. Left and right breasts will not exactly match, but a few do. So look for any dimpling, puckering, or changes, particularly on one side.

Lying Down

When lying down, the breast tissue spreads out evenly along the chest wall. Place a pillow under your right shoulder and put your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move the pads of your fingers gently around your right breast in a small circular motion, covering the entire breast area and armpit.

Use light, medium, and firm pressure. Squeeze the nipple; check for discharge and lumps. Repeat these steps for your left breast as well.

Why Metropolis?

Metropolis’ Core Facilities are centralized, shared research resources that provide access to instruments, technologies, testing, and services. These facilities expand investigators' capabilities, foster collaboration and help patients. Research core facilities make it possible for investigators to focus on their own areas of expertise, augmented by complementary knowledge where they benefit patients.

Metropolis Oncology Expertise

  • One stop solution for Oncology testing.
  • Pool of experienced panelist and Oncopathologists
  • Capabilities include Morphology to Molecular Oncology
  • Innovative and comprehensive menu of super-specialized tests.
  • Proficiency Testing: We are a College of American Pathologists (CAP)-accredited, licensed facility that voluntarily participates in many diverse external and internal proficiency testing programs.
  • Reflex Testing: Metropolis identifies tests that reflex when medically appropriate. In many cases, Metropolis offers components of reflex tests individually as well as together.
  • Test Development Process: Metropolis serves patients and health care providers from Metropolis Labs, and our reference laboratory clients worldwide. We are dedicated to providing clinically useful, cost-effective testing strategies for patient care.

While testing and reporting at
Metropolis we focus on

    • Accuracy
    • Precision
    • Sensitivity
    • Specificity and interferences
Your Health is a priority - Regular health check-ups help you to know and manage your inner health better.
Choose from our scientifically designed health check-ups to get a detailed report of your inner health.

BRCA Tests

BRCA1 & 2 genetic test examines your DNA code for the BRCA 1 and 2 genes to find alterations which are likely to increase the risk of Breast Cancer.

Trucut Biopsy

Tru-Cut biopsy (TCB) is used in the diagnosis of breast lesions. The use of TCB also lessens the propensity of complicated surgical procedures and minimizes patient stress.

IHC (ImmunoHistoChemistry) Test

Determining proliferation of tumor cells in paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from patients diagnosed with Breast carcinoma.

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