Heart disease is a term covering any disorder of the heart. It also encompasses cardiovascular disorders which describes problems with the blood vessels, circulatory system as well as that of the heart. As we know, heart is one of the primary organ that helps the working of the body, any abnormality can lead to severe results, some being life-threatening.
TYPES OF HEART DISEASE
Congenital heart disease
Some deformities of the heart exist internally since the time of birth. Some of them are,
- Septal defects: There is a hole between the two chambers of the heart.
- Obstruction defects: The flow of blood through various chambers of the heart is partially or totally blocked.
- Cyanotic heart disease: A defect in the heart causes a shortage of oxygen around the body.
Arrhythmia is when the heart beats at an irregular pace. And there are many ways how a heart could lose its rhythm.
- Tachycardia: When the heart beats too fast
- Bradycardia: When the heart beats too slowly
- Premature ventricular contractions: Irregular or abnormal beats
Coronary artery disease
This is the most common heart ailment that exists today. The coronary arteries supply the heart muscle with nutrients and oxygen by circulating blood. But due to excessive cholesterol deposits in the arteries, the heart fails to receive adequate oxygen and nutrients, leading to attacks and spasms.
In other words, this is also known as a heart attack. In this disease, the blood flow is interrupted that leads to the damage of heart muscles. This is usually caused by a blood clot that develops in the arteries and can also occur if an artery suddenly narrows.
Heart failure occurs when the heart does not pump blood efficiently. The left or right side of the heart might be affected due to this and can cause high blood pressure. And over a period of time, this can leave the heart too stiff or weak to fill and pump properly.
The term 'congenital heart disease' covers a range of conditions, but the general symptoms include:
High levels of fatigue
Fast heartbeat and breathing
There are a number of lifestyle choices that can increase the risk of heart disease. These include:
High blood pressure and cholesterol
Taking preventive and healthy measures can eliminate the risk of heart diseases. A few points to keep in mind for the well-being of your heart are as follows.
Eat a balanced diet:
Stick to low-fat, high-fiber foods and be sure to consume five portions of fresh fruit and vegetables each day.
This will strengthen the heart and circulatory system, reduce cholesterol, and maintain blood pressure.
Smoking is a major risk factor for heart and cardiovascular conditions.
Reduce intake of alcohol:
Excessive alcohol consumption can damage the functioning of organs.
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