Urine Routine Examination
A Routine Urine tests involves 3 different types of Analysis:
1. Physical Examination which records the Quantity, Color, Deposit, Appearance, pH and Specific Gravity
2. Chemical Examination records the presence of Proteins, Sugar, Ketone, Occult Blood, Bile Pigment, Bile Salts, Urobilinogen
3. Microsopic Examination records the presence of Red Blood Cells, Pus Cells, Epithelial Cells, Crystals, Microbes, etc.
A routine urine examination can give critical information to a number of underlying medical conditions like:
- Hematuria associated with Kidney Stones.
- Pyuria associated with urinary infections.
- Eosinophiluria is associated with kidney disorders.
Presence of Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells or Pus cells can give details on a variety of diseases. Bile Salts, Bile pigments and urobilinogen is present in liver disorders. Presence of protein may indicate a heart disease or kidney disorder.
Glucose is present in diabetic conditions. Severe Diabetes show Ketone bodies in their urine.
Blodd traces is present in urine:
- Cancer of the kidney
- Presence of kidney stones
- Kidney Tuberculosis.
Urine tests indication:
A urine examination is indicated when a person has a routine wellness exam, when he or she is admitted to the hospital, scheduled to undergo surgery or when a woman has a pregnancy checkup.
Routine Urine Examination is ordered when a person is complaining of symptoms of a urinary tract infection or other urinary system problem (kidney diseases). Some signs and symptoms may include:
- Abdominal pain
- Back pain
- Painful or frequent urination
- Blood in the urine.
|Related Tests||Urine Culture, Urine Protein, BUN, Creatinine|