Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT) is an enzyme that is normally found in the liver. SGPT is also called as Alanine Transaminse (ALT). It is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when there is liver problem or heart is damaged. The blood SGPT levels are thus elevated with liver damage or with an insult to the heart. Some medications can also raise SGPT levels.
Significantly elevated levels of SGPT often suggest the existence of other medical problems such as viral hepatitis, diabetes, congestive heart failure, liver damage, bile duct problems or myopathy. SGPT is yet another important enzymes in amino acid metabolism and an important test to measure liver health. In fact SGPT is also more specific to the liver than SGOT. SGPT is usually used as a Liver Function Test i.e to detect liver problem and damage. SGPT is almost always ordered along with SGOT. Symptoms of a liver disorder usually include weakness, fatigue, loss of appetite, abdominal swelling, pain, jaundice etc.
SGPT values are often compared to the results of other tests such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein and bilirubin.
SGPT helps to determine:
Which form of liver disease is present.
Treatment regimen for individuals who have liver disease
It helps to see if the treatment is working.
SGPT may be ordered either by itself or along with other tests.
SGOT; Alkaline Phosphotase; Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase; Bilirubin; Liver Panel; Albumin, Total Protein
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